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Eritrea is located in the Horn of Africa, between latitudes 120 and 180 north. It is bordered by Sudan to the north and west and by Ethiopia and Djibouti to the south, and has a Red sea coastline extends for about 670 miles.
Eritrea is as large as England. It is a mixture of rugged mountains uplands and arid desert, covering 46,000 square miles. This includes more than 350 islands off the coast, of which some 210 comprise the area of Dahlak archipelago. The coastline extends for about 670 miles.
The three main geographical zones are the eastern slopes and coastal plains, the highlands and the western lowlands.
Most of the eastern slopes and coastal plains are desert or semi desert, with a fertile agricultural area north and west of Ghinda. This area is mostly inhabited by pastoralists.
The central highlands are densely populated and intensively cultivated by settled farming communities.
The western lowlands begin in Kern and extend westwards to the border with Sudan. They are watered by the seasonal Barka and Gash river systems.